Skin Tags are normal, fleshy growth which occurs on the skin and is benign in nature. They develop on the areas where the skin form creases and the friction of the skin increases due to folding. As people age, they are likely to develop a skin tag. This happens because of their ability of the immune system to combat different bacteria and viruses. Diabetic or obese people, pregnant women, and infants are the potential hosts for a skin tag.
Fortunately, skin tags are harmless in nature. But in some cases, they can be dangerous if the tag changes in appearance and looks different than the normal skin tags. If discoloration of the tag occurs one must consult a doctor without wasting any further time. This may be a sign that the skin tag is developing into harmful skin cancer.
According to the national health institutes, the most prominent sites of skin tags are the eyelids, groins, under the breast and in the armpits. It is has a round shape and it connects to the skin through a stalk known as Peduncle and has a base.
What Causes Skin Tags?
Skin Tags affect almost 45% of the population and are very common. they occur on the surface of the skin due to the Human Papilloma Virus or HPV. This leads to the formation of small cutaneous fibromas on the skin.
Though the exact causes of tags are still unknown, there are some factors which may be responsible for getting them. Researchers conclude that pregnancy, genetics, and increase in friction of the skin are some of the reasons why skin tags occur.
The two proven causes are the increasing age of a person and his body mass index. With age, there is a high possibility that they might get skin tags. The more one person is obese the more he is susceptible to getting skin tags due to the rubbing of skin against itself.
The standard treatment includes Severing the skin tag. In this procedure, the doctor cuts off the skin tag and stitches the area which is bleeding. Due to this small surgery, the skin may some time to heal and may leave behind a scar.
Another treatment is Freezing the site of the tag using liquid nitrogen. This constituent freezes the tag causing some amount of pain and later shed it off. The procedure is a little discomforting but you have a warranty that the tag falls off.
Burning the skin tissues of tag with the help of electricity is another method to treat tags. The heat burns the stalk of the tag and hence the tag goes away.
If the skin tag is really tiny, your general practitioner might suggest removing the tag at home. This can be done by the process of Litigation. In this procedure, the base of the tag is tied to a string of dental floss and its blood supply is cut.
Cutting the skin tag with a scissor is also a practice used to remove your tag. Make sure that the scissor is fertile and affix a cotton ball with a bandage as it may cause bleeding.
Do not remove large skin tags at home as they may lead to excessive bleeding and may be a potential site for other secondary skin infections.
How To Know If The Skin Tag Is Cancerous?
Skin Tags are benign growths on the surface of your skin which can shrink on their own or may require medical intervention if they are annoying. You can notice changes in the skin tag that might be an indication that they are cancerous. The growth is developing and becoming larger in diameter. You must note that skin tags don’t grow.
They might become darker in color and are discomforting. The appearance of the tag changes and it looks dissimilar as compared to the normal skin tags. If there is inflammation of the skin or it causes any sort of irritation, then there is a possibility that the growth is harmful.
If any such signs are seen, one must consult the doctor as soon as possible or cancer might spread to other parts of the body.
Warts are rough and have an irregular surface while tags are fleshy and soft in nature.
Skin tags are loose and they can be moved as they are attached to the skin through a stalk. Warts are flat and are raised in a slight manner from the surface of the skin.
Acrochordons are not contagious whereas warts spread easily to one another.
An unrefined surface of the skin is likely to be a wart.
Do not itch or irritate the area of the skin tag.
Stop wearing tight clothes as it would cause more friction and may develop inflammation.
Avoid wearing rough or poky jewelry which might hurt the skin tag.
If the tag is removed and the wound is healing, keep the site of the tag clean.
Do not leave the wound open in public areas as bacterias and other germs breed in moist places of your skin.
What is Skin Tags ICD-10?
The International Classification Of Diseases, the tenth revision(ICD-10) is a system used by medical practitioners and physicians to classify different diseases. They code all the diagnosis, symptoms and procedures for medical care in the United States.
ICD-10 is based on the International Classification Of Diseases. The World Health Organization publishes this system and uses alphanumeric codes to recognize different health issues and diseases.
All the National Institutes Of Health Care use ICD-10 to retrieve and store information about different procedures and diagnosis. The records which theICD constitutes are also used to compile the mortality and morbidity rates of a nation.
The code L91.8 is a diagnosis code for other hypertrophic diseases of the skin as suggested by the World Health Organization. Under this category, the symptoms and treatment to treat the Human Papilloma Virus which causes skin tags are also laid down. ICD-10 for Skin Tags is used as a reference by medical practitioners worldwide.